Terramaster NAS as low-cost Proxmox node? Teardown and SW Install!
I get asked a lot about what hardware I recommend for homelabs and home servers. It’s a very difficult question since it depends on what exactly you want to get out of your setup. But, whatever you choose, I’m starting a new series where I’ll setup all of the commonly requested home server software in a single box. Since I want to try this on both used and new hardware, here’s a low cost NAS you can buy brand-new and run your own software on it!
A few basics of this guy:
- Terramaster F2-223 - F2 means 2-slot cube form factor, -2 is dual core, 23 is the ’new’ series (at least when this video was produced)
- Intel Celeron N4505 dual core
- Dual DDR4 sodimm slots, comes with 1x 4G stick and one easily accessible empty slot. I added an 8G stick to bring it up to 12G so I can do virtualization
- Dual Intel I225-v3 2.5G NICs
A few upsides:
- They are pretty cheap for the HW you get new
- Mix of SATA and NVMe storage options, for bulk storage and high speed storage
- x86 processor so it can run Linux based OSes well
- Intel I225 2.5Gbe NIC is considered ‘good’ compared to Realtek chipsets, and widely compatible across OSes such as Linux and BSD
A few downsides:
- The included software seems to want to install itself on your drive as the boot disk, but I was unable to get it to do so in a short amount of time so I gave up and installed Proxmox (which I was planning on doing anyway)
- The internal USB seems to perpetually change some BIOS/UEFI settings back to default, removing it fixed all of the issues I had getting it to boot Proxmox properly
- The second RAM stick is harder to get to, although I don’t think you realistically need more than 12G of RAM to go with this much CPU power. Maybe it would matter more for the quad-core version
This video is part of the Ultimate Home Server Megaproject
Click on the thumbnail to watch the video:
- Terramaster F2-223: Product Page or On Amazon - Note: You should also consider the quad-core versions if you want to do some virtualization, so you’d want a model with the -423 suffix (F2-423, F4-423, U4-423).
- The RAM I bought: On Amazon
- Only one stick of RAM if you don’t want to buy a pair: On Amazon
- Try to find an HP Microserver like mine: On eBay
Some links to products may be affiliate links, which may earn a commission for me.
Architecture: x86_64 CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit Byte Order: Little Endian Address sizes: 39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual CPU(s): 2 On-line CPU(s) list: 0,1 Thread(s) per core: 1 Core(s) per socket: 2 Socket(s): 1 NUMA node(s): 1 Vendor ID: GenuineIntel CPU family: 6 Model: 156 Model name: Intel(R) Celeron(R) N4505 @ 2.00GHz Stepping: 0 CPU MHz: 2899.952 CPU max MHz: 2900.0000 CPU min MHz: 800.0000 BogoMIPS: 3993.60 Virtualization: VT-x L1d cache: 64 KiB L1i cache: 64 KiB L2 cache: 1.5 MiB L3 cache: 4 MiB NUMA node0 CPU(s): 0,1 Vulnerability Itlb multihit: Not affected Vulnerability L1tf: Not affected Vulnerability Mds: Not affected Vulnerability Meltdown: Not affected Vulnerability Mmio stale data: Vulnerable: Clear CPU buffers attempted, no microcode; SMT disabled Vulnerability Retbleed: Not affected Vulnerability Spec store bypass: Mitigation; Speculative Store Bypass disabled via prctl Vulnerability Spectre v1: Mitigation; usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer sanitization Vulnerability Spectre v2: Mitigation; Enhanced IBRS, IBPB conditional, RSB filling, PBRSB-eIBRS Not affected Vulnerability Srbds: Vulnerable: No microcode Vulnerability Tsx async abort: Not affected Flags: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acp i mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc art arch_perfmon peb s bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc cpuid aperfmperf tsc_known_freq pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 sdbg cx16 xtpr pdcm sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic movbe popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave rdrand lahf_lm 3dnowprefetch cpuid_fault epb cat_l 2 cdp_l2 ssbd ibrs ibpb stibp ibrs_enhanced tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid ept_a d fsgsbase tsc_adjust smep erms rdt_a rdseed smap clflushopt clwb intel_pt sha_ni xsave opt xsavec xgetbv1 xsaves split_lock_detect dtherm ida arat pln pts hwp hwp_notify hwp_ act_window hwp_epp hwp_pkg_req umip waitpkg gfni rdpid movdiri movdir64b md_clear flush _l1d arch_capabilities
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Device 4e14 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Device 4e55 (rev 01) 00:04.0 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation Device 4e03 00:08.0 System peripheral: Intel Corporation Device 4e11 00:14.0 USB controller: Intel Corporation Device 4ded (rev 01) 00:14.2 RAM memory: Intel Corporation Device 4def (rev 01) 00:14.5 SD Host controller: Intel Corporation Device 4df8 (rev 01) 00:16.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation Device 4de0 (rev 01) 00:17.0 SATA controller: Intel Corporation Device 4dd3 (rev 01) 00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 4db8 (rev 01) 00:1c.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 4db9 (rev 01) 00:1c.5 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 4dbd (rev 01) 00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation Device 4d87 (rev 01) 00:1f.3 Audio device: Intel Corporation Device 4dc8 (rev 01) 00:1f.4 SMBus: Intel Corporation Device 4da3 (rev 01) 00:1f.5 Serial bus controller [0c80]: Intel Corporation Device 4da4 (rev 01) 01:00.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation Ethernet Controller I225-V (rev 03) 02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation Ethernet Controller I225-V (rev 03) 03:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: Samsung Electronics Co Ltd NVMe SSD Controller SM961/PM961/SM963
libva info: VA-API version 1.10.0 libva info: Trying to open /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/dri/iHD_drv_video.so libva info: Found init function __vaDriverInit_1_10 libva info: va_openDriver() returns 0 vainfo: VA-API version: 1.10 (libva 2.10.0) vainfo: Driver version: Intel iHD driver for Intel(R) Gen Graphics - 21.1.1 () vainfo: Supported profile and entrypoints VAProfileNone : VAEntrypointVideoProc VAProfileNone : VAEntrypointStats VAProfileMPEG2Simple : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileMPEG2Main : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileH264Main : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileH264Main : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP VAProfileH264High : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileH264High : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP VAProfileJPEGBaseline : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileJPEGBaseline : VAEntrypointEncPicture VAProfileH264ConstrainedBaseline: VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileH264ConstrainedBaseline: VAEntrypointEncSliceLP VAProfileVP8Version0_3 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileHEVCMain : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileHEVCMain : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP VAProfileHEVCMain10 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileHEVCMain10 : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP VAProfileVP9Profile0 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileVP9Profile1 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileVP9Profile2 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileVP9Profile3 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileHEVCMain422_10 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileHEVCMain444 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileHEVCMain444 : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP VAProfileHEVCMain444_10 : VAEntrypointVLD VAProfileHEVCMain444_10 : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP
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